The Cloud security posture management, previously known as the Cloud Infrastructure Infrastructure Infrastructure Security Posture assessment, was defined in response to increasing organizational needs to configure public cloud services and PaaS. CSPM is a class of security tools defined by Gartner, including use cases for compliance monitoring, DevOps integration, incident response, risk assessment, and risk visualization.
Configuration errors and data violations
According to Gartner, in 2020, 95% of cloud security problems will result from configuration or error errors. One configuration error can expose hundreds or thousands of systems or data sensitive to the public internet.
We can describe as “data violations” more often a cloud storage bucket that contains sensitive data that accidentally exposed to the internet? Many high-profile violations have caused interest in CSPM.
Here are some examples of data violations because of cloud configuration errors.
Why does the configuration error occur?
They make configuration errors possible by at least four factors:
Cloud is inherently programmable.
Cloud infrastructure is driven by the Cloud and API application, allowing developers to increase and play large amounts of infrastructure through the code. It’s as easy as making infrastructure changes; it’s also equally comfortable to introduce configuration errors.
Cloud has enabled “SPRAWL” services and new technology.
When concepts such as microservices combined with new technologies such as containers, konnetnetes, and lambda functions without servers, there are more resources to manage than traditional servers, networks, and databases.
Cloud displays a new technology that differs greatly from what we find in the physical data centre environment.
For example, Liam permission allows users to access resources in the account regardless of network segmentation. Therefore, IAM can facilitate new lateral movements; traditional security tools can not detect that. When organizations are looking to increase their cloud traces, they realize that their IT staff may lack cloud security skills.
The size and complexity of the company’s environment make it very difficult to know what is running.
Typical public cloud infrastructure can contain thousands or tens of thousands of resources, regions and accounts. It can be effortless for developers to make incorrect resources, too liberals with permits, or lose traces where critical cloud assets are stored.
These factors are exacerbated by a lack of visibility into the clouds. Many companies don’t know what type and how many cloud resources are running and how they are configured. As a result, serious configuration errors are often not detected for days, weeks, or even longer. Taking the right steps to secure Cloud services and applications can be a challenge. Most successful attacks on Cloud services are caused by emasculating, and CSPM can reduce these risks.
Joint responsibility model
Security is a shared responsibility between the cloud provider, such as Amazon Web Services (AWS) and Microsoft Azure, and customers. In this shared responsibility model, “Cloud vendors handle” cloud security, “including all infrastructure running Cloud services. While the main cloud provider tries hard to secure their environmental infrastructure, it is to the customer to secure the use of their cloud services. Customers handle “security in the cloud”.
Although this model, there is still confusion about the demarcation of responsibilities between cloud providers and their customers. According to the Barracuda network survey of 550 IT decision-makers, 64% of respondents claimed that the cloud provider had to protect customer data in the Cloud, which is the customer’s responsibility by the shared responsibility model.
With modern business moving their data into the Cloud, this dangerous termination between perceptions and reality can leave many vulnerable companies. Therefore, according to Gartner, up to 2023, at least 99% of cloud security failure results from human mistakes.
Why is CSPM important?
Gartner defines cloud security posture management (CSPM) as a “sustainable process of increasing cloud security and adaptation to reduce the possibility of a successful attack.” The unique nature of the Cloud demands a new security concept that can overcome the cloud infrastructure that is distributed and continually changing.
The CSPM security tool continues to monitor the company’s cloud environment to identify the gap between stated security policies and actual security postures and reduce Cloud security risks that might occur.
In the heart of the CSPM is the detection of the cloud configuration’s vulnerability that can cause compliance violations and violations of data. CSPM usually uses APIs from the underlying cloud provider to monitor the environment for security violations or policies to move violations to ensure compliance with the procedure.